Nutrition for pre-diabetes

Overview

This project is led by PhD Candidate Mari Somerville. 

Prediabetes is a state of increased risk of type 2 diabetes (1). Between 2-4 million people are living with prediabetes in Australia (2,3). Many people with prediabetes are unaware of their condition, and may not seek treatment to delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, once diagnosed, prediabetes may be effectively managed by improved diet quality and physical activity (4). Despite knowing how to manage prediabetes and prevent type 2 diabetes, it is unclear what level of care people with prediabetes are currently receiving in Australian primary care settings.

Aims

The aims of this research are:

  1. To understand patients’ experiences of receiving nutrition care following a prediabetes diagnosis.
  2. To explore health care provider practices and views towards managing people with prediabetes in an urban Australian general practice setting.
  3. To determine patients’ preferences for receiving nutrition care for chronic diseases in Australian primary care settings.

Impact

This research will impact patients with prediabetes as the findings from this work will shape future health care practices to better support people with prediabetes. This research will impact primary health care providers, including general practitioners, nurses and dietitians, by exploring ways these providers can better support their patients with prediabetes. This research will impact the Australian healthcare system as it will shed light on current gaps in care delivery and identify ways to improve healthcare services.

Publications

  1. Somerville M, Ball L, Sierra-Silvestre E, and Williams LT. (2019) Understanding the knowledge, attitudes and practices of providing and receiving nutrition care for prediabetes: an integrative review. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 25: 289-302
  2. Somerville M, Burch E, Ball L, and Williams LT. (2019) ‘I could have made those changes years earlier’: experiences and characteristics associated with receiving a prediabetes diagnosis among individuals recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Family Practice.
  3. Somerville M, Ball L, Chua D, Williams S, and Williams LT. (2020) How do primary care providers support people with prediabetes to eat well? A mixed methods case study of provider practices and views towards prediabetes management. [Submitted to: Diabetic Medicine]

References

  1. Tabák AG, Herder C, Rathmann W, Brunner EJ, Kivimäki M. Prediabetes: A high-risk state for diabetes development. Lancet. 2012;379(9833):2279–90.
  2. Dunstan DW, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA, De Courten MP, Cameron AJ, Sicree RA, et al. The rising prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance: The Australian diabetes, obesity and lifestyle study. Diabetes Care. 2002 May;25(5):829–34.
  3. Diabetes Australia. Pre-diabetes [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 May 7]. Available from: https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/pre-diabetes
  4. Gillies CL, Abrams KR, Lambert PC, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Hsu RT, et al. Pharmacological and lifestyle interventions to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Vol. 334, British Medical Journal. 2007. p. 299–302.